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The IJIS Factor is the IJIS Institute's blog that covers technology and information sharing and safeguarding topics, including national standards and initiatives.

 

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Innovation in Incident Reporting: An Industry Perspective

Posted By Martha Hill, Wednesday, November 18, 2015

Posted on behalf of the Criminal Justice Information Systems (CJIS) Program Advisory Committee (CPAC) 

The IJIS Institute and its Member companies recognize the value to the national criminal justice community of widespread adoption of the National Incident-Based Reporting (NIBRS) program by local agencies and state crime reporting program offices.       

As firms that provide solutions and services to assist in crime reporting, the IJIS Institute’s Criminal Justice Information Systems (CJIS) Program Advisory Committee (CPAC) Member companies emphatically support the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) CJIS Division's proposed plan to transition from the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program’s traditional summary reporting to NIBRS.       

The IJIS Institute’s CPAC serves as a resource to industry regarding information on the major FBI CJIS Division information sharing programs and provides industry input and feedback to the CJIS Division. 

Based on individual experiences implementing crime reporting at the state and local levels, and collective work interacting with the FBI’s UCR Program, CPAC’s UCR Subcommittee members make the following additional recommendations to ensure a cost-effective transition:

  1. This transition will be best accomplished under a plan that provides a firm timetable.  Therefore, the IJIS Institute’s CPAC Member companies support the FBI CJIS Division’s development of a comprehensive transition plan that includes a five-year sunset provision on the UCR Summary Reporting System (SRS).
  2. Funding and incentives will further strengthen the transition.  We support federal grant programs that include NIBRS adoption as a distinct funding category. 
    We also support a program requiring participation in NIBRS as a grant funding condition to further encourage state and local law enforcement to participate in this program. 
  3. We further recommend that state UCR programs collaborate to develop standards for collecting, structuring and validating additional, state-specific reporting requirements. It is our position that the development of customized state-specific requirements for incident reporting raises the cost of providing and maintaining Records Management Systems (RMS).  We believe that these unique state variations present a significant barrier to aggressive NIBRS adoption on a national scale.  
  4. We recommend that the states and industry come together to agree on standards for extending and enhancing the core NIBRS Technical Specifications that leave intact NIBRS as the standard baseline.  Data elements, codes and other modifiers required within a specific state should be structured in such a way that the national NIBRS specification is extended, but not altered. 
  5. We strongly encourage the use of a NIBRS Information Exchange Package Documentation (IEPD), conformant with the National Information Exchange Model (NIEM) as the preferred or required format for submission of crime reports, both from local agencies to state programs, and from states to the UCR Program. The ability to create extension schemas in NIEM provides a technology and a process for supporting recommendation #3, above. 
  6. We support the harmonization of the NIBRS IEPD with the FBI’s N-DEx IEPD, to streamline law enforcement reporting and data-sharing, furthering both investigative and analytical capabilities by using shared data. 
  7. We support the work of the National Academy of Science’s Crime Indicators Working Group, in collaboration with the FBI’s Advisory Policy Board (APB), in ensuring that national crime report collections continue to reflect the nation’s public safety needs and challenges well into the future. 

The IJIS Institute’s CJIS Program Advisory Committee Member companies believe that the adoption of the recommendations given herein would streamline adoption of NIBRS. Ultimately, nationwide adoption will improve criminal justice decision-making; the ability to assess trends and make regional comparisons; and provide a greater degree of transparency.

Tags:  CJIS Program Advisory Committee  CPAC  FBI  Federal Bureau of Investigation  National Incident Based Reporting  NIBRS  UCR  Uniform Crime Report 

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The Future of NIBRS – Get Involved!

Posted By Andrea A. Walter, Wednesday, August 19, 2015

There are some Requests for Information (RFIs) out now that will ultimately change the way that the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s (FBI’s) National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) works for users. These are two fantastic opportunities for industry solution providers to help shape NIBRS for the future.

Last week, the IJIS Institute posted a RFI intended to initiate a dialogue between our National Crime Statistics Exchange (NCS-X) team and industry solution providers. Through the RFI, IJIS seeks to identify what the market has to offer to allow users in the field to visualize and interact with national crime incident data compiled in NIBRS.

In 2012, the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) launched the NCS-X to generate detailed national estimates of the volume and characteristics of crimes known to law enforcement based on NIBRS data. NCS-X is designed to help a sample of 400 local agencies implement efficient and minimally-burdensome processes to collect and extract incident-based data from their existing records management systems for submission to NIBRS. A team of organizations that includes the IJIS Institute is responsible for developing the implementation plans for NCS-X. This includes coordinating efforts with local law enforcement, state reporting programs, and the software industry. More information on the NCS-X program can be found on the BJS website at http://www.bjs.gov/content/ncsx.cfm.

The purpose of the IJIS Institute RFI is to identify options that would allow users in the field to visualize and interact with NIBRS data with two end goals:

Facilitate the ability of law enforcement agencies to understand their crime patterns and trends in the context of crime in nearby and other similar jurisdictions. The inclusion of ancillary data, such as the American Community Survey (ACS), will be used to provide contextual data on demographics, social setting, and community well-being. These data will facilitate understanding of crime and its socioeconomic correlates.

Allow the public to interact with crime incident data in an intuitive and easy to use manner. Although these data are currently publicly accessible, access has historically been cumbersome or required technical experience with relational databases and geospatial analysis. The proposed analytics dashboard will streamline these functions and make incident-based crime data accessible to a wider audience.

For more information, please visit the Opportunities page and download the RFI. Responses are due by 9/10.

This week, the IJIS Institute posted the RFI released by the FBI Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division, Law Enforcement Support Section (LESS), Crime Data Modernization (CDM) Team. This RFI is requesting information for a NIBRS Modernization study.

The FBI Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program is a nationwide, cooperative statistical effort of over 16,000 city, university and college, county, state, tribal, and federal law enforcement agencies (LEAs) voluntarily reporting data on offenses reported or known. Since 1930, the FBI has administered the UCR Program and continues to assess and monitor the nature and type of crime in the nation. The Program’s primary objective is to generate reliable and valid information for use in law enforcement administration, operation, and management. The CDM Team has been tasked with an FBI Director’s Priority Initiative (DPI) to establish one, uniform crime statistics reporting standard, known as the NIBRS for local, state, tribal, and federal LEAs, and provide richer data to inform, educate, and strengthen communities. The move toward increased NIBRS participation will generate the pathway to greater data collection and will improve the nation’s crime statistics for reliability, accuracy, accessibility, and timeliness of the data. This effort will be achieved by transitioning local, state, and tribal LEAs from the Summary Reporting System (SRS) to the NIBRS.

The desired outcome the CDM Team wishes to achieve is to sunset the SRS and then replace it with the NIBRS, as the national standard for crime reporting. FBI Director James B. Comey has publicly announced his support for the NIBRS to be the national standard for crime reporting nationwide by local, state, tribal, and federal LEAs

Interested parties in the industry can submit a proposal for a research strategy to assess the current business practices and policies employed by local, state, tribal, and federal LEAs and how they compare with the requirements to transition these LEAs from the SRS to the NIBRS for purposes of collecting crime statistics. Additionally, these tasks will determine if the NIBRS meets current policing needs in its present state or requires modernization.

For more information, please visit the Opportunities page and download the RFI. Responses are due by 9/2.

Tags:  FBI  NCS-X  NIBRS  RFI 

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IJIS Participates in FBI Advisory Policy Board Meetings

Posted By Bruce Kelling, Monday, May 25, 2015
Updated: Wednesday, May 20, 2015

The IJIS Institute participated in the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Advisory Policy Board meetings in April and represented the interests of industry in a number of discussions. Here are four key highlights from these meetings:

  • A proposal was submitted to the APB’s Identification Services Subcommittee (ISS) by the IJIS Institute Livescan Data Exchange Task Force to inform the ISS of the initiative and request assistance from the FBI’s Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) division and the CJIS Advisory Process and CJIS. The proposal was accepted and approved by the ISS and the IJIS Institute will continue to work with the ISS on the Livescan topic.
  • During the NDEx Subcommittee meeting there was a presentation on the LEXS strategy that expressed the commitment of the DOJ’s Office of the CIO to ownership of LEXS, and requested CJIS (via the NDEx Subcommittee) participate in a new LEXS Planning Committee. The chair asked the IJIS Institute for the IJIS/industry viewpoint, and we noted our endorsement and cited the consensus interest of industry (derived from our December 2014 NCS-X NIBRS meeting) as well as the significance of the LEXS installed base. The NDEx Subcommittee fully endorsed the proposal and IJIS is invited to participate in the LEXS Planning Committee.
  • The UCR/NIBRS subcommittee unanimously voted to sunset UCR in five years, and this now goes to the full APB in June for a decision.
  • Based on requests from CJIS, there will be a meeting in the coming weeks on IJIS/CJIS strategy to look at both the short-term issues and opportunities for engagement, and begin looking at long-term – the Roadmap.  

The IJIS Institute expresses its gratitude to the many Members who participated in the Livescan Data Exchange Task Force and the CJIS Programs Advisory Committee who assisted in the preparation of materials and representatives for these important meetings.

Tags:  APB  CJIS  CPAC  FBI  Livescan  NDEx  NIBRS 

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