This Law Enforcement Facial Recognition Use Case Catalog is a joint effort by a Task Force comprised of IJIS Institute and International Association of Chiefs of Police members. The document includes a brief description of how facial recognition works, followed by a short explanation of typical system use parameters. The main body of the catalog contains descriptions and examples of known law enforcement facial recognition use cases. A conclusion section completes this catalog, including four recommended actions for law enforcement leaders.
This paper will provide background on why Automated Secure Alarm Protocol (ASAP) to Public Safety Answering Point (PSAP), referred herein as ASAP-to-PSAP, is important, and what it takes to get started. Although several papers and presentations exist on the ASAP project, no one paper compiles all relevant information together in one place. The paper will answer questions not covered in other articles and illuminates a path for CAD service providers, consultants, practitioners, and systems integrators to understand ASAP benefits and begin to take the steps to gain greater participation in the ASAP-to-PSAP program.
The Corrections Tech 2020 white paper , developed by the Corrections Advisory Committee, is a survey of technological trends, current and potential, which are likely to impact the corrections environment in the next 3-5 years. The aim is to provide a ‘one-stop’ high-level overview for the leadership of correctional agencies and their information technology (IT) organizations, to help understand how these capabilities are evolving, and anticipate where technology may be applied to address current and future business problems.
What standards are applicable in a CAD-to-CAD RFP or RFP with CAD-to-CAD requirements? This paper begins a discussion of applicable standards but does not specifically address CAD standards or CAD functional requirements. This discussion will help to guide practitioners to include the most appropriate standards for CAD-to-CAD data sharing.
Most state and local agencies are grappling with IT and operational budget cuts and have to figure out ways to make more with less. Lower budgets mean reductions in workforce, as well as reduced spending on hardware and software. However IT departments such as those in justice and public safety still have to support existing IT infrastructure, ongoing initiatives, and develop new and improved secure services for their citizens and staff. The Cloud can provide answers to these types of challenges.
The primary purpose of this white paper is to provide a better understanding of the corrections domain, the value of information captured in corrections, and how this information may be leveraged by the larger criminal justice system to support various agencies and the people they serve.
This paper, written by the IJIS Public Safety Technical Standards Committee, provides real-life examples of how peer practitioners are exchanging data, with a focus on CAD-to-CAD. These examples enable law enforcement, fire/rescue, EMS, and other regional stakeholders to envision how CAD-to-CAD automation will better serve the public and help protect first responders in both daily use and during extraordinary events.
The IJIS Institute Courts Committee created an info brief on The Role of Courts in Accuracy and Completeness of Criminal History Records. The information contained in criminal history repositories is essential to law enforcement and other criminal justice agencies. The use of criminal history information for non-law enforcement purposes, such as background checks for firearms, employment, licensing, and other purposes, is rapidly growing, resulting in greater awareness and growing criticism. Most of the criticism is focused on concerns about the integrity of computerized criminal history (CCH) records, and, in particular, records that are not complete, accurate, and timely.
Within justice and public safety, the adoption of business intelligence, as well as data analytics technology and techniques, is advancing rapidly. This white paper introduces predictive analytics, one of the newer developments in data analysis, and its application in several justice and public safety areas.
Courts today are plagued with rising upfront software licensing costs and operational expenditures that make it difficult to take the next step to modernize their information systems, mainly the case management system. Cloud computing, more commonly known as the cloud, provides alternative solutions to address this issue while providing ease of access to information for citizens and judicial officers in a secure and efficient manner. However, cloud computing comes with some inherent challenges that need to be addressed in implementing a cloud solution. This Info Brief provides an introduction to cloud computing for courts along with benefits and challenges.
Criminal Justice Information Systems (CJIS) focus on the collection, processing, preservation, and dissemination of criminal history, case, and incident information among justice partners and courts. Courts and court-related agencies are key to the criminal justice process. As a result, the criminal justice agencies and courts create, share, and publish significant amounts of information within the CJIS. The ability of court systems to effectively integrate and share data with the criminal justice partners helps reduce operating costs and improves the administration of the criminal justice system.
This paper is a follow-on to the IJIS Institute white paper Critical Decision Criteria for Data Sharing that provides guidance to practitioners on planning to implement a data sharing solution. This paper is crafted specifically for Computer Aided Dispatch (CAD) and Records Management Systems (RMS) data sharing projects, such as CAD-to-CAD and RMS-to-RMS, but the concepts are universal. It details guiding principles founded in change and project management and provides mini case studies on projects that struggled. These mini studies and the accompanying lessons learned were volunteered by a variety of people associated with with these projects, from consultants, project managers, executive sponsors as well as users of the systems. The ‘what went right, what went wrong and what could have been done better’ can be distilled into best practice concepts.
This paper was prepared to help you better understand the intricacies of the Judicial Branch in local,state, and federal courts by providing a high level overview of the court system, its processes, responsibilities, case flow, and person roles. It provides an overview of federal and state court systems and the different jurisdictions within these systems, and demonstrates why integration with other stakeholders is vital to the efficacy and efficiency of all court and the successful assimilation of the judicial branch in the integrated justice process today.
The accelerating trend toward regionalization, consolidation and information sharing in public safety, as well as a desire for more efficiency and effectiveness in operations, has led to higher numbers of formal agreements between participating agencies being created to provide structure and legality to information sharing partnerships. The demand for inter-agency assistance and collaboration has expanded the need for inter-agency information and resource sharing. Today’s agreements must reflect these emergent considerations not fully addressed in the past. This paper outlines two types of common agreements, best practices, and components of modern information and resource sharing agreements.
The use of video in the public safety and justice realm has taken on greater significance over the past decade, due primarily to advancements enabled by digital video and its gradual replacement of analog video over this period. Video captured in, or converted to, a digital format has enabled many new capabilities that affect the cost and ease of storage, sharing of inter- and intra-agency video information, integration with other systems and data sources, and analysis used to extract meaning from large volumes of video data. This paper briefly describes the advancement in each of these areas as applied to the many domains (lines of business) within the justice and public safety enterprise, but with a deliberate focus on law enforcement as the front-line producer and consumer of video information.
This paper is intended to create awareness and educate justice and public safety personnel on the benefits of employing standardized information sharing. The rapid growth and acceptance of the National Information Exchange Model (NIEM), the use of Information Exchange Package Documentation (IEPD), and the development of the Justice Reference Architecture (JRA), have demonstrated how custom proprietary interfaces can be replaced with cost-effective solutions for interfacing disparate systems.
This paper explores data sharing between dissimilar Computer Aided Dispatch (CAD) systems by discussing the CAD data sharing paradigm, examining current CAD data sharing efforts, and addressing some of the issues that inhibit CAD data sharing across the nation.
This paper is intended to provide relevant and important information to improve federal, state, local, and tribal public safety critical information sharing efforts. The material contained herein is expected to be a valuable resource for public safety practitioners who may require assistance in the strategic planning for, procurement of, or implementation of any public safety system or component. Anyone who may require additional resources or expertise specific to a project will benefit from understanding how and when the use of a consultant may be valuable.
This paper is intended to be a resource for public safety practitioners who are making decisions with regard to procurement for public safety computer systems that have, or may in the future have, information sharing requirements with other systems. The goal is to help ensure RFPs meet federal grant requirements and national best practices for information sharing, and to provide help in understanding the technology standards and how they relate to product selection. The National Information Exchange Model (NIEM), which is most often included in U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) grant requirements, is a national approach and common vocabulary for information exchange.
In 2009, the IJIS Institute’s Public Safety Data Interoperability Project, with funding from the Bureau of Justice Assistance, identified the need to expand the original document to include fire service and emergency medical service (EMS) CAD functional specifications. This Revision Assessment serves two purposes. First, it provides the basis for determining the level of effort required to incorporate fire and EMS functional requirements into the existing Standard Functional Specifications for Law Enforcement Computer‐Aided Dispatch (CAD) Systems document. This document specifically describes fire and EMS CAD functionality that would need to be added, as well as numerous modifications to current language and restructuring suggestions. Secondly, until the next revision is published, this document can serve as a supplement of sorts to the existing Standard Functional Specifications for Law Enforcement CAD Systems to those needing a more complete list of base CAD functionality.
This white paper describes the state of digital recording technology now available to capture and preserve official court records through audio and video records. A/V recording works well for the complex proceedings that exist in courts at all levels—from remote arraignments to jury selection to full-blown trials and oral arguments at the appellate level. Kentucky was the home of an innovative collaboration between private industry and the judiciary, pioneering the use of A/V recording in the courtroom in the 1980s. Since 1999, the Kentucky Court of Justice has not used court reporters, instead using the A/V record as the official court record rather than a written transcript. The Utah courts are another example, no longer employing court reporters and instead using A/V recording since 2009. http://www.javs.com/whitepaper-technologyAdvance.html?utm_source=ijis&utm_medium=ijis&utm_content=ijiswhitepapers&utm_campaign=ijiswhitepapers
Like court systems everywhere, the Kentucky Court of Justice struggled in the early 1980s with the usual suspects--“growing caseloads, excessive delays, tight budgets, and increasing costs for litigants.” Driven by economic need and the large backlog of getting court records made into written transcripts, the state judicial Administrative Office of the Courts (AOC) reached out to local technology experts Justice AV Solutions (known at that time as Jefferson Audio Video Systems, Inc.) for a better way. The solution came in the form of an automated audio video courtroom recording system designed jointly by the AOC and JAVS “that would automatically switch the microphones and the cameras to the person speaking and would not require an operator, except to turn the system on and off.”
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, there were 18,330 court reporters in the United States in May 2014. The BLS reported that the mean annual wage for court reporters as of May 2014 was $55,000 and the top 10 percent earned more than $94,140.2 This does not include the additional benefits such as health insurance that court employees may earn. Thus, though the physical presence of a court reporter in a courtroom may feel familiar to some, it comes with substantial, continuing costs.
IBM's Tim Riley Tim Riley, Law Enforcement Policing Solutions Executive, and Stephen Russo, Director of Public Safety Solutions, look at the value of video analytics in this white paper. Today’s mainstream dialogue around the body worn cameras is focused only on “eye witness accounting” and the costs associated with the storage and video management requirements. It is equally critical to realize that the value is not just in capturing the video but also in finding and using what is in the footage. Return-on-value can be faster realized with intelligent video analytic tools; tools that are essential to helping control costs and unlocking hidden threats as the number of devices continues to increase.